Catacomb Church and The Barricades Movements of the Serbs Under NATO Occupation in Kosovo

By Viseslav Simic | The Rogue and Failed “Authorities” Face Reality – the People. Realizing that the spiritual path wasn’t taking them to victory, the Serbs employed the means and methods of the material world to complement it.

“For one thing is quite certain, if You simply sit still, in the belief that the fire is still far from Your borders: then Your lands will become the theatre on which the tragedy is played out.”(1)
In the sudden comprehensive worldwide flood of social movements and collective activities, whose origin(2), purpose(3) and legitimacy(4) are often quite questionable, there stand out two intertwined movements, the miembra unius capitis(5), which are, to a conventional eye(6), not quite comprehensive in their true spontaneity and self-organization by a people profaned and defiled by its official spiritual leaders(7), double-crossed and abandoned by its own government(8) and trespassed upon by others(9).
These movements are original, archetypical, and non-trendy in their goals–one of them being concerned with the sacred liberty of the soul and genuine deliverance from erroneous choices, and the other about corporal freedom and custody of its followers’ bodies and tangible property. They are opposed to occupation(10), and resolute to resist false globalization by rejecting coerced privatization and physical removal and dispossession(11).
Such are the organic and animate movements, which originated in mid-July 2011, when the 120,000 Serbs, still living in the UN/KFOR occupied northern part of Serbia’s province of Kosovo and Metohija, erected 18 barricades(12) in order to materialize and manifest their struggle for survival, which until then was forced to be conducted only spiritually. Suddenly, as The Economist magazine points it out, “Kosovo’s Serbs have blocked the roads because they want to prevent Kosovo police and customs officers being stationed at two border crossings with Serbia.”(13)
Realizing that the spiritual path wasn’t taking them to victory, the Serbs employed the means and methods of the material world to complement it.
The first of the social movements related to Kosovo–the ecclesiastical Catacomb Church(14) movement, led by His Grace Bishop Artemije(15), was the attempt to appeal to the conscience of the mighty who decide the fate of the Serbs in Kosovo. Today, it is a source of spiritual vision and strength of the more direct and worldly secular Barricades movement, which itself doesn’t have leaders or organizers, apart from its adversaries’ threats and actions that caused its mobilization, growth and continuation.
The Catacomb Church followers(16) identify themselves as continuators of a millennia long universal Christian tradition, and as righteous disciples of a faith of truth and love that always stood firm in its opposition to evil, injustice, force and oppression(17). 
The Barricades movement participants(18) (although many of them do follow the Catacomb Church, or at least sympathize with it) possess a variety of identities, of which a very strong one is that of being Serbian. In their case, even if some of them wished to deny it, or felt it unimportant to themselves, they would find the Serbian identity forced upon them by both the “international community” and the ethnic Albanians, majority of whom want them expelled from that territory exactly because of being identified as Serbs.
Another identity that is very strong among the adherents of this movement is that of rebels against oppression, fighters for freedom and defenders of their loved ones, their land and property. This identity, even if unconsciously present, goes far back into the history of the Serbian people. It is recognizable in the symbols used by this movement and it dates back to the pre-Christian times, when one of the central features of the religion was the oak tree–the sacred symbol of strength and firmness, the oak shoots anew after being cut down or burnt, not bending to the wind, remaining firmly in its native ground.(19) The use of oak tree logs in order to erect barricades and to block the road to the enemy and oppressor is ancient and is evident throughout Serbian history and epic poetry. Barricades and road interruptions, either by logs or by plowing over of roads, were used to prevent Moslem Turks to invade the land, or to slow them down in leaving the pillaged territory, offering the rebels a chance to reclaim, through fighting, some of the captives and plunder(20). A famous Serbian painter Milić of Mačva(21) used levitating oak logs in his paintings as symbols of Serbian durability and resilience throughout the ages. Barricades made of logs were erected by the Serbs in WWII when the nation had to survive the attempts at extermination by German Nazis and Croatian Ustaše. It was repeated by the Serbs of the Republic of Krajina when Yugoslavia started to fall apart in 1990. The Serbs of Krajina felt threatened by the Croats, just like in WWII, and set up roadblocks in order to ensure security for their communities in this ancient Serbian territory, which the communist government of Yugoslavia made an administrative part of the Republic of Croatia. Most Western reports(22) claimed that these log barricades showed the primitiveness of the Serbs which caused the civil war of Yugoslavia in the 1990s although they were just a means of attempted defense against the repeated encroachment of the aggressive, hostile and sinister Croatian state(23) into Serbian territory. The situation is repeated today in Kosovo, with foreigners and pro-Western Serbian politicians(24) accusing Serbs of being backward and crude, opposed to progress and civilization, blocking not only the roads of Kosovo but also Serbia’s uncertain road toward the membership in the (today even more uncertain) European Community. But, when one thinks honestly about it, a log, a larger than life primordial club, is the ultimate and the only defense weapon a disarmed and endangered human species can return to in its mutual aid(25) for survival.   
For, more than anything else, and above all of these (one might say) constructed and imposed ones, their strongest identity is that of a human species threatened, both individually and as a community, with extinction, expulsion, eradication and dispossession–the déjà vu identity of so many other Serbs, both from Kosovo and Metohija and from other parts of former Yugoslavia, who, in the end, had all that had happened to them negated, neutralized, sanitized and spiritually and ethically transformed into its antithesis, in which the victims became the evildoers.
Having before their eyes the UN/KFOR troops, gathered to assist the self-appointed law enforcement agents of the true rebels and violators of internal and international order–the Moslem Albanian leaders–who see these last remaining Serbs as the ultimate obstacle to the completion of their goal of ethnically cleansed Kosova(26), the Serbs cannot but recall their “refugee” and “internally displaced” brethren who were expelled, dispossessed, depersonalized, and abandoned both by “their” “pro-Serbian”(27) leaders and the “international community”, which is paralyzed by its political games and face-saving priorities(28).
Thus, the Serbs have no other choice but to stand where they are, defending their lives and property untill the situation is resolved one way or the other–if they win, they keep their lives and homes–if they lose, they at least will go down fighting and not meekly succumbing to the execution.(29)
It can be said that their adversaries too construct the Serbs’ identity. The three governments(30) (although not all Serbian officials have done it), on various occasions(31), identified them as “criminal”, “illegal”, “rebels”, “unlawful”, etc. The Serbian Church has been involved in their identity construction too, labeling them as “parasynagogues”, “illegal communities”, “[having] no blessing”, “schismatic”(32), etc.–using such extremist language as to call His Grace Artemije a “traitor who has remained a traitor”, “a false zealot”, “a false patriot”, “a true destroyer of Church harmony and Serbian unity”, and, most amazingly (considering the close relationship of the Church with the US embassy in Belgrade), accusing him of being “in fact a favorite of Albright, Holbrooke and other Serbian ‘benefactors’ in the US”. The new “Grace”, Teodosije, who took over Bishop Artemije’s diocese, resorts even to forced evictions of elderly nuns from monasteries(33) in order to quell any opposition or questioning of his policies.    
One disconsolate fact regarding the Serbs in Kosovo is that there is no “in front” or “behind” the barricades for them–whichever way they turn, they face adversaries! On the one side (which, under normal circumstances, should be the “behind”, the “safe” side) are the authorities of Serbia, their “mother” country. Yet, its government, while sometimes paying lip service in their support, has been (and still is) doing almost everything to undermine their efforts(34) and to aid the UN/KFOR and Albanians in removing the barricades and the Serbs along with them–blocking the administrative crossings into Kosovo (preventing Bishop Artemije and his nuns and monks from entering Kosovo, together with the movement’s supporters from other Serbian lands), conducting official talks and negotiating the acceptance of “border” seals and stamps, which would be used by Albanian “customs officials” upon the “resolution” of the barricades problem, and threatening the Serbs on the barricades and sending them ominous and sinister messages (through extra-constitutional “functionaries” such as one Borko Stefanović, a “negotiator” of unclear legal provenance, known for his craftiness(35) in leaving no paper trail regarding the agreements reached with his Albanian counterparts) that Serbs might find themselves abandoned and alone if they didn’t remove the barricades(36).
Yet, the “front” side of the barricades is even worse: not only are there Albanians, who have shown no mercy(37) to the Serbs since the arrival of the UN/KFOR(38), but also the UN Administration and KFOR troops (which entry into the Province was accepted under the Kumanovo Agreement(39) rules, in 1999), who are not fulfilling their obligations “to establish and maintain a secure environment for all citizens of Kosovo” in accordance with the UN Resolution 1244. The Serbs in general, and especially the ones on the barricades in Kosovo, see KFOR as a brutal, crude force(40), beating them as they peacefully demonstrate, using tear gas(41) against them, and shooting them with live ammunition(42) and rubber bullets(43), and assisting and backing Albanians in cleansing the territory of the Serbs. The Serbs see the UN as an international agent who is legalizing(44) the dispossession of both the Serb state(45) and people through a false privatization.(46)
The importance and worth of Kosovo’s resources have been known for a long time(47), with the latest World Bank estimates reaching 13.5 billion euros(48), although the officially and legally Serbia-owned enterprises have been “privatized” for ridiculously small amounts of money–the US Department of the State currently reporting that “with international assistance, the privatization of Kosovo’s socially-owned enterprises (SOEs) [sic] generated about U.S. $834 million starting in 2004. Kosovo’s two largest exporters are privatized companies: Ferronikeli (nickel) and M & Sillosi LLC (flour). […] The U.S. Government is cooperating with the Ministry for Economic Development, the World Bank, and other donors to prepare a commercial tender for a new generation and mining project, to include construction of a new power plant (“New Kosovo”), decommissioning of one existing power plant, rehabilitation of the other, and development of a coal mine for the New Kosovo plant. Privatization of the distribution and supply division of KEK is also planned.”(49) (underlined by the author)
Even royal personalities aren’t above the grab for Kosovo’s resources through “privatization”–H. R. H. Michael, the Duke of Kent’s company is reportedly(50) in the process of privatizing the Trepča mining complex.
Not to be outdone by royalty, the world’s rich commoners and retired political potentates are making a run for the same resources: the self-declared philanthropist, billionaire George Soros, is deeply interested in mining in Kosovo [no pun intended]–”Armed with a study by ICG [International Crisis Group], and with the support of Bernard Kouchner, chief of the UN Interim Administration in Kosovo (UNMIK), Soros attempted to acquire the most profitable mining complex in the Balkans. In September 2000, in a hurry to take the Trepča mines before the Yugoslavian election, Kouchner stated that pollution from the mining complex was raising lead levels in the environment. This is incredible considering that he cheered when the 1999 NATO bombing of Yugoslavia rained depleted uranium on the country and released more than 100,000 tons of carcinogens into the air, water and soil. But Kouchner had his way, and the mines were closed for ‘health reasons.’ Soros invested $150 million in an effort to gain control of Trepča’s gold, silver, lead, zinc and cadmium, which make the property worth $5 billion.”(51)
Madeleine Albright–a former US Ambassador to the UN and US Secretary of State–is currently operating a consulting company (The Albright Group, LLC), which in 2004 “advised” Ipko Net, a Kosovo Albanian internet service provider company, on how to obtain a mobile telephony connection in the UN/KFOR occupied Kosovo, run by Albright’s old comrades from the times when she got NATO to wage what Time magazine called “Madeleine’s War”(52), and for which she was commended by President Clinton himself, “for standing up for the freedom of the people in the Balkans”(53). One could only wonder if the old fashioned ethical issues of conflict of interest ever bothered one of the former top officials of the world’s leading democracy.
Thus, the Serbs of Kosovo, facing such powerful and intimidating adversaries, for a long time felt alone and abandoned to their mercies. But their stubborn, brave and desperate resolution to rather die than give up and accept to lose everything without a fight attracted incredible and unforeseen support and advocacy both among the Serbs in the Serbian lands(54) in the Balkans(55) and among the people who struggle for justice and human rights all over the world(56).
The internet has played the crucial role in the worldwide campaign of mobilization and alliance creation in support of the Serbs of Kosovo. The incriminating silence of the mainstream Western media only amplified the battle cry. The co-conspiratorial moves by the powerful actors (domestic and international) to isolate and exhaust the protestors only invigorated them and attracted a global host of individuals and groups willing to be on the barricades either bodily or virtually(57). The protestors’ objectives–to ensure the respect and following of international law, the Constitution of Serbia(58), and basic human rights to life and property–provided them with involvement and championing by Russia, many of Serbia’s opposition politicians (even Serbia’s Police Minister declared that Serbia will go to war in case the protestors were attacked), Serbian Diaspora intellectuals and community leaders(59), and by members of a variety of epistemic communities(60) of Balkan analysts from around the world.
Although, at first, it looked like a very simplistic and emotional(61) communication of their problems and needs, the way the Serbs of Kosovo expressed their grievances and fears became much more than that–it was articulated into very sophisticated political and legal messages as well. The most dramatic and globalized moment was when the Serbs of Kosovo en masse applied for Russian citizenship(62), claiming that since Serbia is not capable (or willing) to defend them, they are forced to seek protection(63) from the only great power capable of confronting and stopping the US, which they see as the driving force behind their problems.
The modern day David vs. Goliath story continues… Diminutive, unarmed and paltry, the modern Davids of Kosovo challenge the bellicose, conceited and smug contemporary Goliath at the moment when the leviathan is actually bleeding from multiple (mostly self-inflicted) lacerations. Only time will tell if it will back off and retire to lick its wounds before they become mortal, or it will once again wallow in the gore for which it will, self-righteously, blame its victims.

Viseslav Simic is a Professor of Strategy and Political Analysis, El Tecnologico de Monterrey, Ciudad de México, México.


1. Friedrich Wilhelm Hohenzollern, The Great Elector of Brandenburg and Duke of Prussia, in his 1667 “Fatherly Instruction” to his heir–Iron Kingdom: The Rise and Downfall of Prussia, 1600-1947; Clark Christopher; p. 189; ePenguin, Kindle Edition; 2007.

2. There are serious allegations and trustworthy indications that the billionaire George Soros and the US government founded and funded Serbian NGO “CANVAS” (former “Otpor”) is behind the envisioning, organization, management and execution of these heavily covered and popularized movements. See, among many, the article “Global ‘Revolution’ Plotters Backed, Financed by US State Dept, George Soros, CANVAS”: &

3. It seems to be useless to protest at the Wall St., the location of the ultimate execution of the decisions made at a different place. The purposeful targets would likely be the US Congress and the White House in Washington, DC–where laws and executive decisions are created.

4. It seems that it is only after cruelty and harshness of the financial system were felt by the citizens of the US and other Western countries that their people deigned to protest against it. While the same system caused misery and pain in Asia, Eastern Europe, Africa and Central and Latin America, but the West and its citizens benefited from it, there were only a few conscientious individuals and groups who voiced their objections to it.

5. Limbs of one head.

6. The eye which views the world from only the West’s position, and only sees what the West wants it to see.

7. The official Serbian Orthodox Church is mostly mild or silent but, if its members become too rebellious, it demotes, defrocks and excommunicates them.

8. The Government of the Republic of Serbia, which is still, according to the UN Resolution 1244 (1999), the sovereign and legitimate government of the territory of Serbia’s Province of Kosovo and Metohija.

9. The Special Representative of the Secretary General of the UN and his administration of the occupied Serbian province, and the self-declared government of Serbia’s Moslem Albanian minority, whose self-proclaimed Republic of Kosovo is recognized by some countries (the US, the UK, France, Italy). Both of these simultaneously claim final authority over the province’s territory and its Serbian Orthodox Christian population [Although the Albanians’ Constitution of Kosovo contains 3 articles in which 3 different possessors of the final authority (sovereignty) are named: the people of Kosovo, the Special Representative of the Secretary General of the UN (called The International Civilian Representative), and the Head of the International Military Presence (local NATO commander). The Constitution openly states (in articles 147 and 153) that “No Republic of Kosovo authority shall have jurisdiction to review, diminish or otherwise restrict the mandate, powers and obligations” of neither the International Civilian Representative nor the Head of the International Military Presence.)].

10. Such a démodé attitude at the age when so many trendy and 24/7-mass media-covered movements are eager to embrace occupation of just about any public space.

11. If the standards of the 1945 Charter of the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg, The International Tribunal for the Prosecution of Persons Responsible for Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law Committed in the Territory of the Former Yugoslavia since 1991, and the Statute of the International Criminal Court were applied to this case, the indictments of “crimes of aggression and against peace”, “crimes against humanity” and “genocidal extermination” could easily be pronounced.

12. On the Border of Conflict; The Economist Magazine; Nov. 21, 2011. []

13. An impasse that could turn nasty; The Economist Magazine; October 29, 2011 []

14. Its first catacomb services were held in early March 2011, in Belgrade, Serbia, and soon spread to many cities, towns and villages all over the country [].

15. The canonical Bishop of the Serbian Orthodox Church’s (SOC) Diocese of Ras and Prizren (containing within itself the whole of Kosovo and Metohija) since 1991. The leadership of the SOC first suspended Artemije’s right to administer his Diocese (Feb. 2010), then retired him (May 2010) and then demoted him (Nov. 2010), appointing another churchman as bishop in his stead–all in violation of Canon Law [for example: The Apostolic Canon Law, Articles 14, 25, 30, 31, 37, 59, 74; The Canons of Serdica /today’s Sofia, Bulgaria/ (as they are commonly known today), Canons 10, 14, 17]–reducing him to the status of an ordinary monk, forbidding him to leave a monastery in the north of Serbia (far away from Kosovo), while some of the monastics of the Diocese were defrocked and expelled from the Church because of their expressed loyalty to Artemije. The Bishop and his monks and nuns were expelled from Kosovo by the Albanians, with KFOR’s assistance, and are not permitted by the authorities of Serbia to enter the occupied Province. Thus Artemije styles himself Bishop of Ras and Prizren in Exile. See: 

16. Many of them aren’t necessarily from, or in Kosovo and Metohija but they associate themselves with this sacred Serbian land.

17. The outpour of the secret US diplomatic cables available from Wikileaks has brought out into the open that to which many witnesses have testified and what many people have suspected and rumored about for a long time–that the US managed, through its collaborators among Serbia’s Government and Church officials, to select the new Patriarch of the Serbian Orthodox Church (SOC) who would cooperate on the execution of America’s plans for Kosovo, in that process removing His Grace Bishop Artemije from any official position from which he could foil them (the cables describe Artemije as “particularly unhelpful”). The published cables directly name, for example, the President of Serbia as a person who “is working behind the scenes […] in an effort to influence the Patriarch’s succession”, together with Irinej Dobrijevic, a Cleveland-born US citizen and a recent immigrant to Serbia, a “white” SOC monk (according to his own testimony) at the time of these events (2006), who was, interestingly enough, soon after them, elected Bishop of Australia and New Zealand and became a “Grace” himself. US cables claim that “Fr. Dobrijevic’s observations provide some important insights”, that “the SOC had been co-opted”, and that “he has assured us that he will seek to remain engaged on Kosovo and in Belgrade until the final settlement.” [  &]. For more on His Grace Artemije see:

18. Most of them are residents of the northern part of Kosovo.

19. The painful reminder of the permanent uprooting and eradication of Balkan oak forests from the mountains of today’s Adriatic coast are its now eroded slopes that once provided the timber necessary for the power and glory of the Republic of San Marco. Laza Kostić, a 19th century Serbian poet, expressed that tormenting Serbian sentiment of being attracted to and awed by the beauty of Venice and repulsed by its devastating imperial hunger for other people’s resources and total disregard for permanent environmental desolation. See his poem: Santa Maria della Salute. It is also a painful reminder of the permanent transformation of that region’s former Orthodox Christian Serbs into Roman Catholic Croats through the process of conversion and re-nationalization over the centuries of Venetian occupation of that territory.

20. A famous epic poem “Prince Marko Plows Over the Road” is very often misunderstood as a Serbian glorification of mindless destruction and unprovoked pillage but, when understood properly, in its historical, legal, theological, social, economic, political and ethnic contexts, it is a folk narrative that explains the meaninglessness and futility of any economic activity under foreign occupation, and the justice and necessity of repossessing the stolen goods through violence.

21. For examples, see:

22. Roads Sealed as Yugoslav Unrest Mounts; Reuters; Published: August 19, 1990 – &  Armed Serbs Guard Highways in Croatia During Referendum; Special to The New York Times; Published: August 20, 1990 –

23. Even as it is about to be accepted into the European Union, Croatia still proudly displays its sinister past (with EU’s full approval!)–the obverse side of the euro, which will be minted in honor of Croatia’s EU entry, exhibits its biggest and deadliest concentration camp Jasenovac, where up to 1,000,000 Serbs (and many Jews and Gypsies too) were massacred:

24. Mostly former hard-line Communists, “repented” extreme Serbian chauvinists, and Milosevic time Belgrade idlers and loafers turned Soros-funded Western-style democracy and liberal capitalism proponents:,,15516837,00.html

25. For mutual assistance as a survival principle, see: Prince Petr Kropotkin; Mutual Aid – A Factor in Evolution; Kindle Edition.

26. The word Kosovo in the Province’s name has a meaning in the Serbian language: robin–the bird very common in that area (kos = robin; Kosovo = of robins). It has no meaning in the Albanian language and due to its structure the Serbian word has to be transformed so as to be easier to pronounce–thus The Republic of KosovA in the Albanian version of the self-proclaimed independent country. Yet, not even one of the governments, which recognize its independence, has recognized the structural change in the word denominating the territory. They all still use its Serbian name.

27. The President of Serbia (Boris Tadic) has made himself (in)famous by stating that he is a “pro-Serbian” president in an interview to Russia Today TV channel in November 2010:

28. The UN is in an unenviable position when it comes to the expelled and displaced Serbs in the Balkans. If it recognizes them as refugees it not only admits that the largest refugee population belongs to a nation which is accused of being the expeller, creating inexplicable contradictions in its politics and policies, but it would also, then, have to assist the refugees in their survival and in their repatriation and repossession of their criminally seized properties, again creating both political and military inferno for the so-called international community. Thus, the Serbs expelled from Kosovo and Metohija by Albanians are “internally displaced” persons, the status which deprives them of any UN refugee agency assistance.

29. “If necessary, we will die on the barricades.”–Dragisa Milovic, Mayor of Zvecan, an ancient Serb town in Northern Kosovo. He warns that KFOR is acting illegally by threatening the Serbs and supporting Albanians–it is supposed to protect and guarantee safety and security of life and property of all inhabitants of Kosovo, not to claim that “the loss of patience” by Albanians will justify their use of violence against Kosovo Serbs.

30. The Province is officially (according to the UN Resolution 1244) occupied and administered by the UN, while the Organization recognizes Serbia’s sovereignty and territorial integrity over the Province. Yet, some of the UN member states (3 of the 5 permanent UN Security Council members) have recognized the Albanian self-declared independence and government as a legitimate authority there.


32. These heavy and solemn words were used mostly for the followers of the Catacomb Church [], but against the followers of the Barricade Movement the SOC leadership had used a different strategy and tactics, trying to trick them into abandoning the barricades by calling them to mass church services, to weaken them physically by demanding strict following of fasting rules, and even, paradoxically, demanding that the Orthodox Serbs remove the crosses they erected on the barricades, claiming that it is not Christian to use that symbol in such a setting. Playing the political game, the Patriarch, probably aware of his strong unpopularity among the people, finally stated that “they defend their country by the barricades” (mid-October 2011) []

33. Sister Paraskeva (born in 1933) was thrown out of the monastery Gračanica on November 18, 2011. [šnju-monahinju-na-ulicu.html]

34. Amazingly, to the ones who don’t know him, but totally consistent in his empty-headed statements, the Defense Minister of Serbia, Sutanovac (mocked by many as SuNATOvac for his zeal in promoting NATO in a country devastated by its bombs), announced, in October 2011, in a most bizarre statement, that “Kosovo is not defended by guns but by brains.”:

35. “[…] the most dangerous but the surest weapon of public policy–craft” – Honoré de Balzac, in his Catherine de Medici (Kindle Location 74-74; Public Domain Books; Kindle Edition).


37. Even the most superficial research on the internet will provide one with sufficient evidence of Albanian brutality and bestiality toward Serbs in Kosovo and Metohija. [] []

38. Over 1,000 Serbs killed by Albanians since 1999 and not one perpetrator has been arrested and brought to justice: Just in the last month (November 2011), three Serbs have been killed in plain daylight by the Albanians who crossed over to the Serbian area and not even once did KFOR or the UN react at least to try to prevent such murders, or to find the murderers:

39. The Kumanovo Military Technical Agreement between the International Security Force (“KFOR”) and 
the Governments of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the Republic of Serbia:

40. As a US magazine Stars and Stripes reported on Nov. 18, 2011, KFOR even practices the methods of evicting the Serbs (whom it calls “a mob”) from the barricades–in a US-German exercise at the Joint Multinational Readiness Center in Hohenfels, Germany, in which both retired and active German soldiers rehearsed together with a Georgia National Guard unit and a platoon with 1st Battalion, 4th Infantry Regiment, U.S. Army.  []

41. & Russia Today; October 20, 2011; Tear gas at the barricades: NATO sprays Serb protests []

42. “Serbs accuse NATO troops, specifically Americans, of using live ammunition to disperse people who were protesting against ethnic-Albanian Kosovo police efforts to take control of customs points along the border with Serbia.” [The Irish Times; October 1, 2011 –]

43. “soldiers had to fire with rubber bullets in self-defense,” said deputy spokesman for KFOR Kai Gudenoge Kai” []

44. It seems that Honoré de Balzac wrote prophetically in 19th century that “public policy had for its element a perpetual craftiness and a dissimulation which destroyed, in all characters, the straightforward, upright bearing our imaginations demand of eminent personages” – Honoré de Balzac, in Catherine de Medici; Kindle locations 221-223; Public Domain Books; Kindle Edition.

45. Kosovo mining resources are estimated at around 1,000 billion dollars:

46. An American lawyer, who worked for the UN as an international prosecutor in Kosovo described in his book “Under the Blue Flag: My Mission in Kosovo” (by Philip Kearney; Phoenix Books, 2008, p. 63) the personally experienced “privatization” of Serbian homes by Kosovo Albanians, conducted and legalized by the UN, which even failed and rogue states wouldn’t accept as legitimate. Another example of “privatization” in Kosovo may be seen in “Kosovo: The Score, 1999-2009” (by The American Council for Kosovo, 2009, p. 61), describing the “privatization” of a factory that had belonged to the father of two Serbian ladies, conducted by the UN-established Kosovo Trust Agency, which dispossessed them with no notice or consent on their part (after KFOR didn’t prevent the total destruction of their family home by the Albanian Islamist mob, which burned 18,000 books in their library, together with a “priceless work by Giotto”, a painting of the Blessed Mother of God, for which the Islamist fanatics had no mercy either.

47. “But of all the mineral assets of Kosovo, the most important for much of its earlier history was its wealth of silver. There was mining in this area in pre-Roman times, and both silver and lead (and, probably, some gold) were mined extensively during the Roman period. The medieval Serbian kingdom drew much of its wealth from the mines of Kosovo, especially from the area south-east of Prishtina. Novo Brdo, the town which processed the ore and minted the coins, became one of the richest places in southern Europe. Production remained strong throughout the early Ottoman period: at the end of the sixteenth century this whole mining region (including the mines of the Skopje area and the rich Zaplana mine near Trepca) was producing more than 800,000 troy ounces of silver per year. During the next century production steeply declined, thanks in large part to Ottoman mismanagement and the terrible disruptions of the Austro-Turkish war. And for the last two centuries of Ottoman rule the underground wealth of Kosovo remained almost completely neglected: it is a pathetic commentary on the economic incompetence of the Ottoman state” – Noel Malcolm; Kosovo-A Short History; Chapter 1; New York University Press.

48. “Kosova [Kosovo] mine [mineral] resources are worthy of 13.5 billion euros, according to a joint survey conducted by the Directorate for Mines and Minerals and the World Bank.” []

49. See: – under Economy.

50. Shkelzen Luka, Director of Kosovo Privatization Agency, and Ferat Shala, the Executive Director of Trepča, have both been quoted by the Prishtina daily Koha Ditore (as reported by the Tanjug news agency), saying that the Duke’s company is given an “exclusive right” by Behgjet Pacolli, Kosovo’s First Deputy Prime Minister (and one of the richest people in the world) to register the Trepča company at London’s Stock Market [–Vojvodina-izgradila–Princ-od-Kenta-dobija-na-poklon.html]

51. See also:; &

52. Time. vol. 153, no. 19 (May 17, 1999), p. 35.

53. ibid., p. 27.

54. The Montenegrin Writers Association “Sjeverac” (among others from Montenegro) sent a delegation to spend a day and a night on the barricades [čane%20knjigama.html], just as the Serbs from the Serb Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina organized group visits to support their brethren in Kosovo [].

55. For example: An association of Writers “Poet” organized a bus trip to Kosovo from Belgrade and the poets spent a night on the barricades []; Sports clubs “Ronin” and “Željezničar” organized a similar trip [Спортом-против-окупације/].

56. For example, an Italian journalist and humanist, Maria Lina Veca, who has visited Kosovo dozens of times and has written extensively about the situation there (Albanian trade of Serbian organs) [] & [ – Maria Lina Veca: April 18, 2008 – Western Kosovo Story is a Lie]

57. Numerous groups follow and keep in touch with the events on the barricades through the social media such as Facebook. For example: Jefimija Udruzenje []; RAS – The International Serbian Organization []; Kosovo je Srbija []; Kosovo Metohija [].

58. The Preamble of the Constitution of the Republic of Serbia states that the Province of Kosovo and Metohija is part of the territory of Serbia. Article 307 of the Criminal Code of Serbia incriminates anyone who does anything that endangers the territorial integrity of the Republic. It is punishable by up to 15 years in prison.

59. For example: Nebojsa Malic []; Zvezdana Stojanovic-Scott and RAS-The International Serbian Organization from Washington, D.C. []; Srdja Trifkovic []; Boris Malagurski []; John Bosnich [ wiki/John_Bosnitch]; Kosara Gavrilovic []; William Dorich [ kosovo/kosovo.htm]; M. Bozinovich and the website [], and many others.

60. For example: US conservative thinkers around The Chronicles magazine []; or the “Leftists” around the Emperor’s Clothes []; or individually, such as: Julia Gorin []; Stella Jatras [ /columns/jatras/005.shtml]; and many others. 

61. A barricade made of donated books was erected one day to symbolize the clash of NATO’s brute force with the intellect of the freedom-loving Serbian people. The books were later carefully removed and sent to a number of Serbian enclaves in Metohija where Serbian children are growing in concentration camp like conditions, surrounded by barbed wire and NATO troops, which prevent their massacring by local Albanians (the most serious, massive, and in many instances successful attempt at that happened on March 17 and 18, 2004). [čane%20knjigama.html] & [].


63. According to the news agency BETA, the President of Russia, Medvedev, has ordered the Foreign Ministry of Russia to investigate the possibilities of obtaining Russian citizenship by more than 20,000 Kosovo Serbs who applied for it [].